According to Edward G. Carr, 1999 and Robert Horner and Carr in 1997, P.B.S. plans include multiple, interwoven strategies and generally prescribe 1) proactive strategies for changing the environment so triggering events are removed 2) teaching new skills that replace problem behaviors, 3) eliminating or minimizing natural rewards for problem behavior and 4) maximizing clear rewards for appropriate behavior. It is important according to Carr and Horner that emphasizing improving the overall quality of life (ie. relationships, activities, health) are integrated into the supports.
That is the psychological theory behind Washington Academy’s highly regarded and specialized behavior support program.
Helping students understand that the "original" behavior is no longer rewarded, but if they want to succeed in their internal motivation they have to modify their behavior to meet the new Rewards incentives is at the core of the education at Washington Academy. This takes time, and patience, encouragement and understanding are critical during this process.
It is not easy for students to make change in their lives, especially when they have been rewarded over years of reinforcement that Yelling, Screaming, Throwing, Cursing, Aggression, Leaving the Classroom has been met with "You No Longer Have to do Any School Work."
And we all know that the student recieved a poor grade, but for students who exhibit this level of inappropriate behavior grades are not self-motivating.
The Tier System
Washington Academy implements the most comprehensive and intensive P.B.S. program in New Jersey. The amount of work and training that it takes to administer this level of P.B.S. support is monumental. Students have an opportunity to earn both Tickets and Points in the WA P,B,S. plan. What they earn tickets and points for differ based on age level, and also specific IEP target behaviors.
Based on the total number # of points the student has earned there are 3 Tiers of Rewards (Reinforcers)
Based on the total number of Tickets the student has earned he/she can earn School Dollars
Both Tiers work in conjunction with each other, syncing together to show students a better path to success.
Typically it takes a student between 3-6 months to fully understand and integrate into the P.B.S. program. From there, it takes between 6-12 months for the student to significantly modify his/her behavior.
And the last stage is supporting the student's consistency in the new more pro-social and apporpirate behavior.
In summary, Washington Academy helps each student make a huge step forward in school to no longer rely on inappropriate behaviors to get what they want, but stop and think and decide what else could I do?
Washington Academy is very proud of thousands of students that attended our program and celebrate each and every one of them. For highlights of some of our graduates, please visit our GRADUATES page.
Washington Academy, 25 North 7th Street, Belleville, New Jersey 07109 | 973-759-6555
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